I am an EMDR Certified Therapist and member of EMDR International Association. EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) helps the brain process traumatic memories, allowing normal healing communication to resume. After successful EMDR therapy, the fight, flight, or freeze response from the traumatic event is resolved. The amygdala acts as an alarm signal for stressful events and helps protect us from danger. Trauma causes the amygdala to stay overactive which can lead to feelings of anxiety or being in danger. The hippocampus assists with learning and memory storage, including how to remember safety and danger. It helps calm the amygdala. Trauma can cause the hippocampus to shrink. Cues to calm the amygdala are weakened, which may cause flashbacks or confusion around the trauma memory. The prefrontal cortex manages thoughts and behavior, and helps us control emotional response to events. Normally, this area helps us decide that a situation is okay. Trauma can weaken the signals from this area, allowing negative emotions from the trauma memory to take over the prefrontal cortex's reasoning ability.
Courtesy of EMDR International Association https://www.emdria.org
CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) involves strategies to change a person's negative thinking pattern. CBT recognizes that psychological problems often result from faulty or unhelpful ways of thinking and learned patterns of unhelpful behavior. Through CBT people will learn positive ways of coping with their stressors thereby relieving distress in their day to day lives. People's emotions and behaviors are typically influenced by their perception of events. Beginning in childhood people develop certain core beliefs about themselves, others and the world around them. Oftentimes these core beliefs involve negative self talk. CBT helps you learn healthy ways of changing this type of thinking and developing an overall stronger sense of self.
DBT (Dialectical Behavioral Therapy) is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy. Its emphasis is on teaching you how to live in the present, cope with stress, regulate emotions and improve relationships with others.
Strength-based therapy is a type of counseling that focuses more on your internal strengths and abilities and less on weaknesses, shortcomings and failures. This therapy helps to develop a positive mindset, find your inner strengths and change your negative views to positive ones.
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